In the course Instructional Ideas and Technology Tools for Online Success, Professor Bonk has been using the TEC-VARIETY Model to illustrate key elements for motivating and retaining online learners.
T – Tone/Climate: Psych Safety, Comfort, Belonging
Some examples include social ice breakers and video course introductions.
E – Encouragement: Feedback, Responsive Supports
This can include online self-testing, screencasts, blog and website polling, using student response systems.
C – Curiosity: Fun, Fantasy, Control
Examples include online news, games, track a scholar, scientist, adventure learning, create a cartoon, movie, animation.
V – Variety: Novelty, Intrigue, Unknowns
Examples include “cool” resources, guest experts, webinars.
A – Autonomy: Choice, Flexibility, Opportunities
Examples include online resource choice, watch shared online videos, web exploration assignments.
R – Relevance: Meaningful, Authentic, Interesting
Examples include online cases, online tours.
I – Interactive: Collaborative, Team-Based, Community
Examples include working in virtual teams, collaborative video annotations, collaborative documents, wikis.
E – Engagement: Effort, Involvement, Excitement
Examples include interactive timelines, virtual timelines, interactive simulations.
T– Tension: Challenge, Dissonance, Controversy
Examples include ethical debates, photo festivals, game shows.
Y – Yields: Products, Goals, Success, Ownership
Examples include videos, blogs.