This article from Faculty Focus came across my desk today. Here’s what I want to mention. There are two major challenges to making online courses accessible – Technical Challenges and Pedagogical Challenges. The author of the article, Emily A. Moore, says that creating an online course is more analogous to publishing an e-textbo0k than it is to teaching a traditional face-to-face class. So, here’s are some technical strategies:
- Present instructions, handouts, and other digital texts in one of the following two formats – HTML or Tagged PDF.
- Present content in as flat a navigational structure as possible.
- Avoid using frames.
- Chunk videos (and name the chunks).
- Provide closed captioning for all videos
Here are pedagogical strategies:
- Cut extraneous material.
- Write clearly and succinctly.
- Provide accessible alternatives to inaccessible materials or activities.
- Annotate links meaningfully.
- Avoid pronouns.
- Uniquely identify and annotate all figures and illustrations.
- If you use repetition, use it both deliberately and economically.
For details read the article.